Winston tries to rebel against Big Brother and the party with their out-of-this-world controlling ways throughout the story. The party catches on to Winston's thoughtcrimes and rebelliousness, and punishes him with his biggest fears for his wrong-doings. In the end, Winston ends up giving into the party and becoming just like everyone else, broken spirited and worshipping Big Brother.
One of the most important part of a utopian society to me is freedom, in all forms. 1984 took the opposite approach of this "utopian" idea by even making society's rebellious thoughts into a crime. The book also goes hand in hand with the definition of a dystopian society as a futuristic look into mankind after something that has gone terribly wrong, apocalyptic or not. This world or city, Oceana, is made up to show what life could be like. No one is free and everything is controlled by this secretive higher power that no one truly knows who or what this higher power is, which is the scariest part. In this world, you can't trust anyone, not even yourself because how easy is it to control your own thoughts? Not very.
1984 is extremely popular for creating one of the best dystopian society stories and achieves this well. It is popular because it makes us think that this can happen. A lot of people have second thoughts about what our government is actually up to. Is it a conspiracy? Since some may have these fearful thoughts in the back of their heads, this book brings up these fears and allows us to think about our own society.